Friedrich Preller d. Ä., Ansicht von Olevano, 1870

Johann Wilhelm Schirmer, Die Grotte der Egeria, 1841

Heinrich Heinlein, Landschaft bei Hohenschwangau mit dem Schwanensee, 1839

"Everything strives towards landscapes..."

Landscape paintings of the 19th century in the collection

“Everything strives towards landscape...” presents a central topic of 19th century art, featuring works from the museum’s own collection. Visitors can expect to see rarely-shown examples from the painting stack-room and true gems from the collection of prints and drawings, including masters of landscape painting such as Caspar David Friedrich, Carl Gustav Carus, Johann Christian Reinhart and Friedrich Preller the Elder.

Besides idealised southern landscapes composed from fragments that demonstrate a longing for Italy and antiquity, the 19th century featured the emergence of landscape painting that consciously departed from idealised academic perceptions. The paintings are characterised by an objective interest in discovering reality and presenting it as naturally as possible. Simple, unspectacular swathes of regional landscape are chosen as motifs in the paintings. A relationship to one’s regional landscape and the search for correspondence between natural atmosphere and emotional states are characteristic for Romantic artists. Landscape renditions – long considered inferior in the classical hierarchy of painting styles, subordinate to history and portrait painting – grew in popularity throughout the 19th century, in particular among the middle classes. The Leipzig Art Society, founder and longstanding sponsor of the Museum of Fine Arts, acquired numerous contemporary landscape renditions over the course of the 19th century. Private collectors, who helped swell the museum’s stocks through donations and gifts, were also fond of landscape painting at the time. The breadth of landscape renditions from the periods of classicism, romanticism and realism that this yielded enables us to present this style in all of its multifaceted richness in “Everything strives towards landscape…”

 exhibition opening: 8th March 2014, 6 pm